Letter Protesting the Unjust Prosecution and Sentencing of Touraj Amini in Iran

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Source: mesana.org

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran
c/o H.E. Mr. Takht-Ravanchi
Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
Email: [email protected]
Fax: +1 (212) 867-7086

Chief Justice Ebrahim Raisi, Head of the Judiciary
c/o H.E. Mr. Takht-Ravanchi
Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations
Email: [email protected]
Fax: +1 (212) 867-7086

Your Excellencies,

We write on behalf of the Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association (MESA) to express our concern over the imprisonment of Touraj Amini, a historian of the Qajar era and the Iranian Constitutional movement, who is also Baha’i. On 29, January 2021, Mr. Amini was summoned by the Judiciary to begin a six-month prison sentence on charges of spreading propaganda against the state, through his research and publications, none of which, however, deal with the contemporary Iranian state, its politics or society. His sentence and imprisonment are grave violations of his basic rights to academic freedom and freedom of expression, guaranteed by Iran’s Constitution. We urge the Court to dismiss the charges against Mr. Amini and to free him without delay, so that he may continue his important scholarship.

MESA was founded in 1966 to promote scholarship and teaching on the Middle East and North Africa. The preeminent organization in the field, MESA publishes the International Journal of Middle East Studies and has nearly 2,800 members worldwide. MESA is committed to ensuring academic freedom of expression, both within the region and in connection with the study of the region in North America and elsewhere.

Mr. Amini has researched and published works on the history of religious minorities in the Qajar (1789-1925) and Pahlavi (1925-1979) periods. Although his publications do not extend to the Islamic Republic (post-1979), Mr. Amini was charged with spreading propaganda against the state. Indeed, in August 2019, the Ministry of Intelligence searched Mr. Amini’s house in Karaj and after many hours, confiscated his laptop and most of his books and manuscripts. In July 2020, the Revolutionary Court of Karaj sentenced Mr. Amini to one year in prison and two years in exile, seemingly due to his writings on the Qajar period. On appeal, the Alborz Provincial Court of Appeals reduced the sentence to six months in prison and rescinded the punishment of two years in exile, suggesting that they found merit in Mr. Amini’s defense that his academic work does not violate Iran’s laws on academic freedom. On 29 January 2021, with Iran still grappling with high rates of COVID-19 infections, particularly among its prison population, Mr. Amini was summoned to begin a six-month prison sentence, and is currently behind bars.

Your Excellencies, we ask that you reconsider this decision and reverse the groundless charges against this historian of pre-revolutionary Iran. We call upon you to allow Mr. Amini to return to his academic research, which contributes to scholarly knowledge of understudied historical periods. Requiring Mr. Amini to serve this sentence is particularly cruel, given the widespread occurrence of the COVID-19 virus in Iran’s prisons. Indeed, your state officials have released many prisoners or have placed them under house arrest as a laudable measure to bring the rate of infections under control. Furthermore, Mr. Amini is the sole caretaker of his wife, who suffers from multiple sclerosis. Thus, dropping the charges against him and allowing him to return home would also be a humane act that would ensure his wife’s welfare. Finally, we are troubled by the continued harassment of the Baha’is, and maintain that there are no legal grounds for this under Iran’s laws. We urge Iranian authorities to observe their Constitution and cease targeting its Bahai’i citizens, among them, Touraj Amini.

Thank you for your attention. We look forward to your response.


Dina Rizk Khoury
MESA President
Professor, George Washington University

Laurie Brand
Chair, Committee on Academic Freedom
Professor, University of Southern California


His Excellency Dr. Hassan Rouhani, President
The Honorable Mahmoud Alavi, Minister of Intelligence
The Honorable Mohammad Javad Zarif, Minister of Foreign Affairs
The Honorable Takht-Ravanchi, Permanent Representative of Iran to the United Nations
The Honorable Michelle Bachelet, The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

The Honorable Javaid Rehman, UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

The Honorable Mary Lawlor, UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders

The Honorable Tlaleng Mofokeng, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Physical and Mental Health

The Honorable Nils Meltzer, UN Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment


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